Cleveland Reboot

Cleveland's ethnic heritage

Cleveland's ethnic heritage

Cleveland is the city in Ohio which has a mixture of ethnic groups. Ethnic heritage is something that gives the city its character, a wide array of foods, customs and neighborhoods. Here is some of the Cleveland’s ethnic heritage

The Poles

Polish immigrants started arriving to Cleveland in the mid-19th century to work in the woollen mills and steel mills. They settled in the areas surrounding the Cuyahoga Valley (now called as Newburgh Heights and Slavic Village) along with the Czechs. In 1888, St. Stanislaus Church was founded which was an early influence to polish community and supported new polish arrivals. Polish language is still spoken in the Slavic Village and some food stores like the Seven Roses Deli that sells pierogi, sausages and some other Polish goods.

The Italians

Italian immigrants started arriving to Cleveland in the mid-19th century around Woodland in an area called as “Big Italy”. Most of these residents from Italy were shopkeepers, grocers and bakers. Businesses such as Catallano's and Gallucci's have their roots in the “Big Italy”. A different Italian group settled in the southern part of Euclid in the late 19th century in an area near Mayfield called as “Little Italy”. Many of these new Italian arrivals were stonemasons who carved many monuments for Lake View Cementry.

The Irish
Immigrants from Irish were one of the first ethnic groups to be settled in Cleveland attracted by the jobs created by the Cleveland docks and Ohio-Erie Canal. The Irish named as Lorenzo Carter was the first to be settled in Cleveland at Whiskey Island in 1820. Many Irish men and women arrived to Cleveland with the increased work at the waterfront and settled on the West Side which is today known as Flats.

The Czechs

The Czechs are one of the oldest and largest ethnic groups of Cleveland. The Czechs immigrants made up of Silesians, Moravains and Bohemians, began arriving to Cleveland in the late 19th century. Early immigrants from Czechs settled in a waterfront section which is today called as Flats. Later Czechs moved further out from the Cleveland city where they can get a plot of land for farming.




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