General Moses Cleaveland was appointed one of the seven director of Connecticut Land Company. General Moses was sent out to map and survey the holdings of the company. On his travel, General Moses and his surveyors reached at the mouth of Cuyahoga River on July 22, 1796. General saw the land that belonged to Native Americans as an ideal location for the Connecticut's “capital city”. General and his surveyors made plans for the new city and paced out a nine-and-a-half-acre Public Square. General's surveyors decided to name the city after their leader Cleaveland. General Moses and his surveyors returned to Connecticut in October. The village of Cleaveland was formed on December 23, 1814 and Lorenzo Carter of European extract became the first citizen. Lorenzo Carter made Cleveland a main source for trade and built a log cabin for the newcomers to settle in. The Cleveland Advertiser, an early city newspaper changed the spelling of the city in 1831. In order to fit the name of the city on the masthead of the newspaper, they dropped the first “a” and reduced the name of the city to Cleveland.
Ohio and Eric Canal was completed in 1832 and turned the city into a key link between the Great Lakes and Ohio River. A young charismatic politician and lawyer John W. Willey came to Cleveland in 1822 and wrote the Cleveland Municipal Charter and several city's laws and ordinances and was then elected as the first Mayor of Cleveland.
Cleveland became the home for pioneer carmakers including the steam car makers as well as electric car company makers in the early 20th century. On May 27, 1919, the Eighteenth Amendment forbidding the manufacturing and sale of alcohol took effect. Volstead Act declined the stocks of Cleveland alcohol when it became a law in January 1920. The stock market crashed on October 24, 1929 and plunged the whole nation into depression. Because of increasing gang wars in Chicago and Cleveland, Fred G. Clark decided to form a group of anti-gang called as Crusaders. Cleveland became the headquarters of Crusaders and by 1932, the number of their members increased to one million.
George Voinovich brought Cleveland out of its economical problems by bringing an urban renaissance and downtown revitalization. He constructed Sohio Building which is the tallest building in the city and state. Jane L. Campbell became the first female mayor of the city in 2002. The tenure of Campbell as a mayor was less as she was defeated by Frank G. Jackson in 2005.